accreditation is voluntary for non-public schools. During the
1999-2000 academic year 33 non-public schools were accredited
through the State and another 29 through the Northwest Association
of Schools and colleges. Idaho Code § 33-119.
Recordkeeping/Reports: Upon enrollment, a
private elementary or secondary school must notify the parent/guardian
in writing that he must provide reliable proof of the student's
identity and birth date within 30 days. If the parent/guardian
fails to comply, the private school must immediately notify
the local law enforcement agency and inform the parent/guardian
in writing that he has 10 additional days to comply. The private
school must immediately report to the local law enforcement
agency any documentation provided that appears inaccurate or
suspicious. Idaho Code § 18-4511.2.
Private schools are required to flag the records of any student
reported missing or runaway by the Department of Law Enforcement.
The school must report any subsequent request for the records
to the local law enforcement agency. Idaho Code § 18-4511.1.
Within 14 days after enrollment, the private school must request
a certified copy of the student's record from the student's
previous school. A private school must comply with the request
for records within 10 days of receipt unless the student was
flagged as a missing or runaway child. In that event, the school
should notify the local law enforcement agency of the request.
Nonetheless, a private school can withhold a transferred student's
records for nonpayment of tuition or fees pursuant to prior
agreement. Idaho Code § 18-4511.
Length of School Year/Days: To comply with
the Idaho compulsory attendance statute, attendance at a private
or parochial school must be during a period equal to that in
which public schools are in session. Idaho Code § 33-202.
Teacher Certification: Non-public schools
who choose to be accredited through either the State or Northwest
Association of Schools and Colleges must require certification
standards which are the same as the public schools. However,
if a non-public school chooses a different route for accreditation
or chooses not to be accredited then its instructors need only
abide by the requirements of another accrediting agency or
develop its own educational requirements for staff members.
Idaho Code § 33-1201.
Curriculum: The Idaho compulsory school attendance
statute provides that parents/guardians must cause their school-age
children to be instructed in the subjects commonly taught in
the public schools. Idaho Code ? 33-202. (The State Board of
Education prescribes the minimum courses to be taught in all
elementary and secondary schools. In addition, the Board issues
syllabi, study guides and instructional aids as needed. Idaho
Code § 33-118.)
All elementary and secondary schools are required to provide
instruction in the Constitution of the United States. The State
Board of Education adopts materials and determines the grades
in which instruction must be given. Instruction must also be
given in the proper use of the American flag, the recitation
of the pledge of allegiance, the national anthem, and "America".
Idaho Code § 33-1602.
Private/parochial school students may enroll in driver training
courses offered by the local school district. Fees cannot be
assessed that are not required for public school students.
Idaho Code § 33-1703.
Health: Private/parochial school students
must provide a statement of the child's immunity to certain
childhood diseases upon admission to the school. The statement
must document that the child has received or is in the process
of receiving the immunizations, or is immune through prior
contraction of the disease. The Idaho Board of Health and Welfare
is charged with specifying the requisite immunizations and
the school reporting requirements. Idaho Code § 39-4801.
Safety: The State Board of Education, in
cooperation with the State Board of Health and Welfare, regulates
school building sanitation, sewage disposal, and water supply.
If a school building is believed deficient, the Board may require
an examination by an engineer. The engineer's report will be
transmitted to the school, maintained for public inspection
there, and published in a local newspaper. Idaho Code § 33-122.
Private school governing boards may choose to maintain and
supervise a school safety patrol to assist children crossing
public streets or highways. Idaho Code § 33-1801.
It is unlawful to carry a concealed weapon in a private school.
It is a misdemeanor for any person under 21 to carry a concealed
firearm, dirk knife, bowie knife, dagger, metal knuckles or
other deadly weapon while on the property of a private elementary
or secondary school. Idaho Code §§ 18-3302C(1), 18-3302D.
Transportation: Public school districts may
transport nonpublic school students, where practicable, when
the full costs for providing the transportation are recovered.
Idaho Code § 33-1501. The Idaho Supreme Court held public
funding of transportation of private school pupils unconstitutional
in Epeldi v. Engelking, 488 P.2d 860 (1971), cert.
denied, 406 U.S. 957 (1972). Idaho Code § 49-402(2).
Home Schooling: A nonpublic student is any
student who received educational instruction outside of a public
school classroom and can include, but is not limited to, a
private school or a home school. As such, a home school student
must be comparably instructed to students in the public school
during the compulsory attendance ages of 7 through 16 years
of age. Idaho Code, title 33, § 202. Idaho does not regulate
or monitor home school instruction. It is the sole responsibility
of the parent or guardian to monitor their child?s progress
and attendance in the home school.
The parent or guardian of a home schooled child is allowed
to enroll the student in the public school for dual enrollment
purposes. Dual enrollment allows the student to enter into
any program, including public school classes and extra-curricular
activities, in the public school that are available to other
students subject to compliance with the same rules and regulations
as other students. Idaho Code, title 33, § 203.
Home school students may participate in state-wide testing
and assessment. A home school student may be able to receive
a diploma from a high school or can take the General Education
Development (GED) test and, upon successful completion of all
requirements, may apply for an Idaho High School Equivalency
Certificate. Administrative Rules of the Idaho State Board
Public Aid for Private Schools/Private School Students: The
Idaho Constitution prohibits public appropriations to support
sectarian schools. Idaho Const. Art. IX, 5.
The sale of meals by private schools under the federal school
lunch program is exempt from Idaho sales tax. Idaho Code § 63-3622J.
Miscellaneous: Confidential communications
by a private school student to any certificated counselor,
psychologist or psychological examiner employed by a private
school are privileged and protected against disclosure in any
civil or criminal action to which the student is a party. Idaho
Code § 9-203.